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Among the methods of propagation of citrus fruits, thegrafting, and speaking of lemon, layering would also be good. Who wants to propagate a lemon with grafting he will certainly want to obtain a more robust plant from that mother. For thegrafting lemon Two components are required, one that supplies the root system (called rootstock) and the other (called scion or graft) that develops the crown.
Grafting the lemon, when?
Spring is the best time. For further information:when is the graft performed?
Grafting the lemon, which technique to choose?
The technique to be performed with the greatest possibility of taking root is the interlocking one; it is also possible to choose the gem graft (also known as the scudetto graft), the scudetto or crown graft. It all depends on the diameter of the rootstock. To choose the best grafting technique for your lemon, please refer to the articleCitrus fruit grafting.
Once you have chosen the grafting technique you prefer, you can read our guides on:
- Scudetto graft
The scudetto graft, also called the bud graft, is recommended for grafting the lemon with more chances of taking root. It is a simple technique and can be successfully operated on all woody or semi-woody plants. In the case of the lemon, it is essential that this is “in juice”, or rather, that the bark detaches easily from the trunk in order to insert the shield / sleeping bud. It is grafted at a height of 50 - 100 cm.
Necessity: with thegrafting scudetto (or bud graft), the diameter of the rootstock of ours lemon to propagate, it must be at least 3 cm.
- Split graft
The split graft, also called the interlocking graft, is recommended for grafting the lemon but you need to be an expert to do it! If you are a beginner, we recommend the dormant gem technique (shield graft / gem graft). With the split graft, a sort of tongue must be formed that allows a good joint between the scion and the plant that offers us the root system. For thegrafting lemonwith the splitting technique, the diameter of the rootstock should not exceed 10 mm.
- Crown graft
With crown grafting it is very common forgrafting lemonand in general to graft citrus fruits, the scion is inserted between the bark and wood of the subject to be grafted after the basal part has been well prepared. L'grafting a crown presents greater chances of taking root if you want to graft your lemon with a larger wild variety. Also in this case, the diameter of the rootstock must be greater than 10 mm.
For instructions ongraftinglemonwith the “crown” technique, we refer you to the following video. As is clear, the simplest method for graft a lemon it is the sleeping gem.
As is clear, we have devoted a great deal of pages toGrafting of fruit trees, this is because the techniques are different and nothing must be left to chance, starting with the cut. To increase the chances of engraftment, in addition to the use of a stimulating mastic, it is necessary to make a clean, clean cut without burrs. An unclear cut could cause suffering to the plant and compromise the success of the entire operation. This is why it is recommended to use well-sharpened knives or scissors designed for omega or gem cutting ... The use of the grafting knife is recommended only for those with great practicality and experience. To facilitate the entire operation, i sector professionals now they use special grafting scissors. Grafting scissors are not expensive and on the market there are exclusive ones for a type of cut or more versatile and therefore adaptable to make different types of grafting. Among the various purchase proposals, I would like to point out what appear to be the best value for money grafting scissors:
- Professional grafting scissors - “Tink-sky Professional” - Price € 29.99
- Professional grafting scissors - "Minidiva Garden Professional "
Price: 26.65 euros.
These grafting scissors allow you to easily obtain cuts aomega, split and interlocking (U, V and omega cuts), it is also equipped with two additional blades and the classic blades for pruning the plant. Thegrafting scissors mentionedhave similar characteristics. The only differences lie in the manufacturer and in the fact that the more expensive pruning shears allows you to cut more double branches, with a larger diameter than the Tofren shears which have a maximum opening of 12 mm.
Made of steel and durable plastic. The cutting system for grafting is particularly suitable for grafting fruit plants even if it fits well on woody branches (roses, vines and other ornamental plants). Both prices indicated include free shipping costs.
Forgraft a lemonwith scion or rootstock with a diameter of 2 cm, the use of a professional grafter is recommended.
Professional grafting machine
Those who intend to graft with scions and rootstocks with a diameter of 2 cm will have to buy a real professional grafting machine.
A good product with an excellent value for money is the Stocker professional manual grafting machine, offered on Amazon at a price of about € 37.80 including shipping costs. This professional cutter allows you to cut branches up to 2 cm in diameter by practicing only the V-shaped cut, therefore with fixed blades that can only be changed once consumed.
How to graft a fruit tree?
- Choose rootstock and scion
- Adjust the scissors to the type of cut (and graft) desired
- Cut the scion and the branch of the rootstock where you want to plant the scion
- Join the scion to the rootstock by adding mastic
- Seal with raffia or grafting tape.